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Ebook [Doing without Concepts british literature] ↠ Edouard Machery – Kindle eBook, DOC & PDF Download

Edouard Machery Ñ 9 Summary

Ling psychologists' goals The notion of concept has encouraged psychologists to believe that a single theory of concepts could be developed leading to useless theoretical controversies between the dominant paradigms of concepts Keeping this notion would slow down and maybe prevent the development of a adeuate classification and would overshadow the theoretical and empirical issues that are raised by this adeuate classification Anyone interested in cognitive science's emerging view of the mind will find Machery's provocative ideas of interes In this important work Machery advances the Heterogeneity Hypothesis which states that processes that produce concepts are distinct that they share little in commonAt least three different kinds of concepts exist in your cognitive architecturePrototypes are bodies of statistical knowledge about a category a substance a type of event and so on For example a prototype of dogs could store some statistical knowledge about the properties that are typical of dogs andor the properties that are diagnostic of the class of dogs Prototype are typically assumed to be used in cognitive processes that compute similarity linearlyExemplars are bodies of knowledge about individual members of a category eg Fido Rover particular samples of a substance and particular instances of a kind of event eg my last visit to the dentist Exemplars are typically assumed to be used in cognitive processes that compute

Review ☆ E-book, or Kindle E-pub Ñ Edouard Machery

Doing without Concepts

Concepts in psychology and neuropsychology Machery shows that the class of concepts divides into several distinct kinds that have little in common with one another and that for this very reason it is a mistake to attempt to encompass all known phenomena within a single theory of concepts In brief concepts are not a natural kind Machery concludes that the theoretical notion of concept should be eliminated from the theoretical apparatus of contemporary psychology and should be replaced with theoretical notions that are appropriate for fulfil Psychological research on concepts assumes that concepts are a monolithic type of psychological entity dealt with by a single type of psychological process Against this Machery argues that there are at least 3 distinct types of concepts paradigms exemplars theories and heterogenous psychological processes deal with each type of concept He concludes that if psychology is to make progress the notion of concept should be eliminated altogetherIn the first two chapters Machery distinguishes the psychological and philosophical notions of concept psychological and philosophical research on concepts are incommensurable Psychologists take concepts to refer to bodies of knowledge that are accessed by higher cognitive activities eg categorization induction analogy making In contrast philosophers regard concepts as necessary conditions for forming propositional attitudes towards objects of t

Summary Doing without Concepts

Over recent years the psychology of concepts has been rejuvenated by new work on prototypes inventive ideas on causal cognition the development of neo empiricist theories of concepts and the inputs of the budding neuropsychology of concepts But our empirical knowledge about concepts has yet to be organized in a coherent frameworkIn Doing without Concepts Edouard Machery argues that the dominant psychological theories of concepts fail to provide such a framework and that drastic conceptual changes are reuired to make sense of the research on A meticulously constructed argument for a surprising thesis the notion of concept refers in the context of psychology philosophers mean something different by it to a multifarious collection of distinct things exemplars prototypes theories and plausibly others which are different enough that concepts as usually construed do not constitute a natural kind Psychologists working on the theory of concepts are busy arguing over whether concepts are really exemplars prototypes or theories and these efforts are wasted if all three exist and play distinct roles in cognition Machery advocates the eliminativist position ie that the term concept should be eliminated from the vocabulary of psychologists in a way that I found compelling and convincing


4 thoughts on “Doing without Concepts

  1. says:

    A meticulously constructed argument for a surprising thesis the notion of concept refers in the context of psychology philosophers mean something different by it to a multifarious collection of distinct things exemplars prototypes theories and plausibly others which are different enough that concepts as usually construed do not constitute a natural kind Psychologists working on the theory of concepts are busy a

  2. says:

    Psychological research on concepts assumes that concepts are a monolithic type of psychological entity dealt with by a sin

  3. says:

    In this important work Machery advances the Heterogeneity Hypothesis which states that processes that produce concepts are distinct that they share little in commonAt least three different kinds of concepts exist in your cognitive architecturePrototypes are bodies of statistical knowledge about a category a substance a type of even

  4. says:

    we shall constantly be giving prominence to distinctions which our ordinary forms of language easily make us overlook This may make it look a

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