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[Download War and Peace and War The Rise and Fall of Empires] Epub By Peter Turchin – TXT, Kindle and Epub Read



10 thoughts on “War and Peace and War The Rise and Fall of Empires

  1. says:

    I'm a bit skeptical of Big History books primarily because the world we live in today is so radically different from the cyclical political orders that existed in the past Humans are the same but modern technology is a socia

  2. says:

    This is a compelling read on world history with some interesting views Turchin develops his own theories on the rise and fall of empires especially in the pre modern period empires always developed in places near a border with another group or a state that was perceived as fundamentally different and threatening and the

  3. says:

    Subtitle The Rise and Fall of EmpiresSo as you may have heard me say before the books I read can mostly be divided into two types Big Idea books and Many Small Ideas books This one is a Big Idea book One might say ridiculously bigThe author born in Russia moved to the US at age 20 his father a dissident was ex

  4. says:

    Very interesting but as frustrating as it is challengingThe title of this book is a bit misleading it does indeed regularly deal with war and pe

  5. says:

    In this book Turchin attempts a familiar task trying to discern laws of history In this particular case Turchin generalizes about the formation rise and fall of empiresAlisdair MacIntyre it seems to me proved that social science in the sense of prediction is impossible in principleThat doesn't mean we can't discern cycles and causative factors in human history but only that we must be very cautious about how complete and accurate

  6. says:

    A fascinating group selectionist take on the dynamics of the rise and fall of empires in history

  7. says:

    Yet another Big History book this one really pulled out in front of the pack for me and I think it's the best one I've read so farFirst there's no better way to make me smile than with a reference to psychohisto

  8. says:

    I am the kind of person who is always seeking a set of abstract principles within which to contextualize my experience of events and information This characteristic has often dampened my enthusiasm for the study of history since my

  9. says:

    Turchin begins by referring to Hari Selden the mastermind of psychohistory in Isaac Asimov's Foundation Trilogy in describing his project a logical cause effect analysis of how where when why great empires are born their li

  10. says:

    History is a spiral it always repeat itself but each time the loop is a bit different from the previous

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review ß PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ï Peter Turchin

Tes But as empires grow the rich get richer and the poor get poorer conflict replaces cooperation and dissolution inevitably follows Elouently argued and rich with historical examples War and Peace and War offers a bold new theory about the course of world history. Turchin begins by referring to Hari Selden the mastermind of psychohistory in Isaac Asimov s Foundation Trilogy in describing his project a logical cause effect analysis of how where when why great empires are born their life cycle and finally their decline fall In a nutshell he finds it s all about social cohesiveness Turchin s style becomes somewhat turgid tedious but his thesis has merit This is worth plowing thru

Read & Download War and Peace and War The Rise and Fall of Empires

War and Peace and War The Rise and Fall of Empires

Like Jared Diamond in Guns Germs and Steel Peter Turchin in War and Peace and War uses his expertise in evolutionary biology to make a highly original argument about the rise and fall of empires Turchin argues that the key to the formation of an empire is a societ. Subtitle The Rise and Fall of EmpiresSo as you may have heard me say before the books I read can mostly be divided into two types Big Idea books and Many Small Ideas books This one is a Big Idea book One might say ridiculously bigThe author born in Russia moved to the US at age 20 his father a dissident was exiled and eventually got his PhD in zoology He studied population dynamics for a time the kind of ecology based biology that looks at a species role vis a vis its prey and predators and competitors in its niche This involved finding mathematical models and descriptions of the cycles of boom and bust which happen in populations in the natural world Far from the delicate balance of popular belief the natural worlds populations have cycles not uite regular usually but far from random and in the last few decades a robust field of scientific inuiry has grown up around efforts to better understand how this worksThen Turchin took an abrupt turn and moved into the study of history Well almost he actually moved into a field of mathematical sociobiology that he helped name as well as create cliodynamics Clio the muse of history combined with dynamics the study of changing systems Turchin s objective is nothing less than an updated real life Hari Seldon of Isaac Asimov s Foundation series But given what we know now of nonlinear systems the objective is to find the strange attractors of historical dynamics Given that absolute prediction of precise events far into the future is made impossible by the nonlinearity chaos of the actions of humans in large groups what CAN we say and test empiricallyThis book is Turchin s first public swipe at the task and he has gone further with it in his blog and new science journal Cliodynamics since the book was published This book is a beginning albeit an audacious one and it begins with a theory on where empires come from and why they decline and fallEssentially Turchin holds that empires rise due to asabiya the ability to take action cooperatively in a coordinated fashion As an example he cites records from the early days of the Mongols in which armies of 100000 could execute complex military manuevers just based on flag signals without the many horns drums pipes and bellowing sergeants necessary to get western Europeans to do the same at that time Facing invasion some cities Italians in the face of Hannibal for example were able to act together to repel the invaders while others Italians in the face of late Roman Empire Germanic invasions for example were not Why and how could the same genetic stock the same culture broadly speaking sometimes have asabiya and sometimes not The same issue of acting collectively in a less dramatic sense can be seen in whether or not to work together to make canals long distance roads or other public infrastructureTurchin identifies and provides copious historical examples and counter examples for several factors1 threats from the other For slavic Russians this was Turkic and central Asian nomadic peoples for colonial Americans this was Native Americans and as Tecumseh demonstrated this worked both ways for early Romans this was the barbarians of Gaul who were far alien to them than the Etruscans or other Italian or Greek civilized peoples Turchin shows evidence that empires tend to begin on the edges between peoples nomads and farmers for example who have enough differences in culture and way of life that the differences between separate villages or tribes on one side of the divide seem small by comparison2 modest levels of ineuality Whereas his stress on the importance of defining one s identity in opposition to another culture may alienate the conventional Left here Turchin alienates the conventional Right by showing copious examples ancient Rome vs Imperial Rome different centuries of medieval France wherein an accumulation of wealth at the top is corrosive to the society s asabiya The 99% in any society will know that the 1% is better off than they are How great the disparity however will impact how much they are willing to support that society In a clash between two armies one of which fights for the good of the society and the other of which fights if it cannot safely evade fighting the former will win3 the ratio of elite to non elite In any society some portion of the population is part of the most favored class this includes Communist and modern American societies no less than any other The growth rate of the elite however is not necessarily well correlated to the growth rate of the overall society If the food supply in an agricultural society is running out the elite will not starve but the general populace may well or at least may have fewer children This can make an already strained society even top heavy and eventually this will result in internal division in many historical cases resulting in intra elite civil war such as the English War of the Roses4 war begets peace begets war People who lived through war as children are less enad of it as a solution to their problems as adults especially if it was a civil war rather than a war fought on another nation s territory This leads to a freuent alternation of war and peace generations through many periods and cultures Turchin uses the term fathers and sons cycles for theseWhenever we look at attempts to find patterns in the chaos of history it is eually easy to be either easily impressed by the new theory than is warranted or to be skeptical There have been many attempts before In some sense there is a fathers and sons pattern here as well where about every half century scientists look again at whether they can bring order to the riot of human history only to throw up their hands in despair after a decade or two and abjure the attempt for another generation Perhaps this will be the latest failed attemptThere is no uestion however that we have data available to historians not only the written chronicles of old but also archaeological climatalogical etc We also have vastly computing power to see if we can find patterns amidst the data Perhaps like predicting the weather past a one or two week window we will not yet be able to find the way to wrap our minds around our own social selves But then even meteorologists have made progress in recent decades and if we are changeable as the weather perhaps we are also not wholly beyond the reach of human understanding It is good to know that minds as innovative and simultaneously disciplined as Turchin are suaring their shoulders and charging once unto the breach

review ß PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ï Peter Turchin

Y’s capacity for collective action He demonstrates that high levels of cooperation are found where people have to band together to fight off a common enemy and that this kind of cooperation led to the formation of the Roman and Russian empires and the United Sta. In this book Turchin attempts a familiar task trying to discern laws of history In this particular case Turchin generalizes about the formation rise and fall of empiresAlisdair MacIntyre it seems to me proved that social science in the sense of prediction is impossible in principleThat doesn t mean we can t discern cycles and causative factors in human history but only that we must be very cautious about how complete and accurate our conclusions are Turchin supplies some disclaimersHis basic notions are that empires arise on one side or the other of a metaethnic frontier say that between the Romans and first the Celts and then the German and Hunnish barbarians to their northeast The need to resist contributes to an increase in asabiya a concept gleaned from the Maghrebi scholar Ibn Khaldun social solidarity or lessAs ineuality increases and lites become too bloated asabiya declines and crime and civil war increase leading to war epidemic and anarchy The lite s size shrinks and the reduced population of peons and proles improves their market position and standard of living thus increasing asabiyaTurchin supports this theory with examples from historyThe book is uite readable and the hypotheses plausible if not entirely new see eg the work of Spengler Pitirim Sorokin etc

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Tessa Young is an 18 year old college student with a simple life, excellent grades, and a sweet boyfriend She always has things planned out ahead of time, until she meets a rude boy named Harry, with too many tattoos and piercings who shatters her plans.